Diamonds aren’t actually that rare or valuable, except that DeBeers marketing made us think so, and their control of the diamond mines at the time created a falsedemand. The diamond’s subsequent placement in AmericanCulture has led us to think it’s an important part of romance, but that was literally the goal of the marketing campaign. If you’re living in a Western Country and wearing a diamond engagement or wedding ring, you can thank DeBeers. Prior to 1938, engagement rings, heck, wedding rings, weren’t nearly as common as they are now. People SOMETIMES exchanged them, but it was a luxury, and diamonds weren’t any more common than any other gem.
GreekphilosopherPlato wrote about diamonds as if they were living beings that embodied celestialspirits. Seems weird to us now, but ancientRoman and Greeks thought pretty highly of diamonds, including thinking that they were tears of the gods and that Cupid‘s arrows were tipped with diamonds.
Roughdiamonds look veryverydifferent from their facetedfinaljewelry form, and lose about half of their carat weight in the process of cutting, shaping, and polishing.
Around 80% of diamonds are used for industrialpurposes, only about 20% make the cut for jewelry. Get it? Diamond? Cut? No?
It rains diamonds on Saturn and Jupiter. This is because of the chemical makeup of the atmosphere on these planets. In the upper atmosphere, lighting turns methane into soot, which is then pressurized as it falls towards the planet’s surface, eventually turning into graphite and then diamond.
The most sought after coloreddiamond is pink. Vividpink, to be exact.
In 2004, astronomerTravisMetcalfe discovered a “Diamond Star” 50ish light-years away from earth. It’s the compressed heart of an old star – carbon + pressure = diamond, even in space. The star was named “Lucy” because…in the sky…with diamonds.
The largest cut white diamond to date is called “TheStarofAfrica” and weighs an impressive 530Carats. It’s cut in a teardrop shape. It was found in 1905, in Pretoria, SouthAfrica
The GoldenJubileeDiamond is the largest cut faceted diamond in the world. Unlike The Star of Africa, this diamond is brown, and comes in at an impressive 545.67 carats. It was discovered in 1986 and is currently owned by the King of Thailand.
The Dubai First Royalcreditcard has goldtrim and single .235caratdiamond in the center, and Sberbank–Kazakhstan (abankofKasakhstan) offered a Visa Infinite card with 26 diamonds, made of gold and mother of pearl. That particular card cost $100,000, just for the card.
Less than 1% of women in the world will ever wear a diamond 1 carat or ever, according to some estimates. So, ladies, if you have a diamond of 1carat or more on your finger, you are the 1%. (Depending on what you’re talking about.)
TracyHall, who developed the first synthetic diamond process for GE, making them a bazillionty dollars (estimated), was given a $10 savings bond as a bonus for discovering the process.
The first known use of diamonds, like the use of most diamonds today, was industrial. A physicist at Harvard discovered that the ancientChinese used diamonds to polish axes used in ceremonies and burials, over 4,000years ago.
When exposed to short wave UVlight, The Hope Diamond glows red. This actually lasts several seconds after exposure ends. This could, possibly, maybe have something to do with why it’s got a reputation for being cursed. That and its previous owners dyinghorribledeaths.
Bluecolored diamonds are blue due to the presence of boron and are the rarest color; yellow and orange diamonds are due to nitrogen, and green due to from exposure to gammarays over time within the earth. Interestingly, the color of a green diamond gets more muted and brownish towards the center. No one’s quite sure why pinkdiamonds are punk, though it’s believed to be due to something called plasticdeformation, which is what happens when enough pressure is applied to a structure to change it’s shape. In the case if gemstones, that would change the way they refract light, and thus how we see them.